Recently, the popularity of a satellite tracking system can be explained not only due to its efficiency of optimization of the logistics processes and reduction of the auto theft risks but also due to its convenience and due to its potency of tracking people.
As a general rule, a satellite monitoring is used to control children, adolescents and spouses, as well as elderly relatives. In addition, employers who suspect their staff of unconscientious attitude to work also use GPS tracking. Of course, this technological expansion places a set of questions to our society. The questions are about ethics and legality of using GPS people tracking. And if the moral questions can be debated endlessly, then it seems possible to determine an unambiguous answer to the question of whether GPS people tracking is legal?!
We can start with the basic law of the United States Constitution: Everyone has the right to protection against unwarranted intrusion into his privacy, including interference with correspondence, telephone and other messages, against attacks upon his honour and reputation. Thus, the right to a life and liberty of movement is imprescriptible and inherent right. It is fixed at the level of the human rights and at the level of the Constitutions of different countries.
Thus, it is safe to say that in the context of the consensual civil liberties and civil rights phones’ tracking infringes on personal privacy right. Since according to the USA Constitution, restriction of this right is allowed only in case of the investigative activities.There is no legal justification for supply a man with the personal GPS trackers.
As a result, it can be concluded that people and their mobile phones tracking violates the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being.